Scars are often an unavoidable part of the body’s natural healing process. They form when the dermis (the deep layer of the skin) is damaged and the body creates new collagen to heal the damage – leaving us with scar tissue that looks different to the normal tissue that surrounds it.
Formed due to anything from surgery, accidents, skin conditions and acne, there are different types of scars which all undergo different healing processes. While some may fade or disappear naturally over time, some scars last forever and professional scar removal treatment is needed to get rid of them.
In this guide, Evolve ACM has broken down the different types of scars to help you understand which scar removal solutions are most effective.
Understanding the different types of scars
Depending on their cause and the area of the body, the composition of scars can vary. A scar could be flat, raised, lumpy, hollow, brown, pink or red; their appearance can help us determine both the type of scar and the most appropriate treatment.
Some common types of scars include:
- Keloid scars – keloid scars can be identified by their deep colour and are often thick and round. They’re caused by the collagen produced by the body during the wound healing process and are most common in people with darker skin tones. Keloid scars may be treated using steroid injections, surgical removal, skin needling with Dermapen or laser therapy.
- Hypertrophic scars – hypertrophic scars are similar to keloids, but they stay within the boundaries of the wound (whereas keloid scars tend to extend beyond the injury.) They’re often red in colour and can appear thick and elevated. Though they may improve naturally after a year or so, hypertrophic scars can be treated using steroid injections, surgical removal, skin needling with Dermapen or laser therapy.
- Acne scars – acne scars are caused by severe acne and can take multiple forms. Common acne scarring includes box car scars (shallow to medium depressed scars), ice pick scars (deep, narrow scars that extend into the skin’s lower layers) and rolling atrophic scars (depressions in the skin). Depending on the type of acne scarring, treatments can include skin needling, laser therapy and dermal fillers.
- Contractures – contracture scars are associated with burn-related injuries and are formed when the edges of the skin are pulled together, causing a tightness. In many cases, surgery is needed to treat contracture scars.
Professional scar removal solutions
Thanks to advances in cosmetic science, most scars can now be reduced or even eliminated using non-surgical therapies. The following types of skin treatments are common amongst our patients in Melbourne that want to address unsightly scarring.
Laser Genesis therapy
Laser Genesis is a skin rejuvenation therapy with multiple benefits – including scar removal. The non-invasive therapy has no downtime and works by gently heating the upper dermis of the skin to stimulate new collagen and improve uneven skin tone. Depending on how old or deep the scar is, patients may require 4-6 sessions of Laser Genesis.
Dermapen skin needling
Dermapen skin needling is a popular non-laser option that’s commonly used to treat atrophic or indented acne scars. The treatment uses precision medical micro-needles to make minute punctures in the skin, which triggers healing and the production of collagen in the body. 2-5 sessions are usually required for optimal results, and there may be some redness, soreness and dryness following the therapy.
Book a consultation to achieve your goals
If you have any further questions about scar removal therapy and would like to discuss your skin concerns and goals, book a complimentary consultation with the therapists at Evolve ACM.